What Is Literary Analysis? Literary analysis refers to closely studying a text, understanding its meaning, and investigating why the author made particular choices. This type of essay writing can be used on poems, plays, short stories, novels, or any other form of literary writing. An essay in literary analysis is not a book review, nor […]
Posted: August 30th, 2021
Literary analysis refers to closely studying a text, understanding its meaning, and investigating why the author made particular choices. This type of essay writing can be used on poems, plays, short stories, novels, or any other form of literary writing. An essay in literary analysis is not a book review, nor is it a summary of the plot or a rhetorical analysis. Instead, it is a form of argumentative essay where the student is expected to analyze elements such as structure, perspective, and language of the text, and illustrate how the author applies literary devices to convey ideas and create effects.
This type of academic assignment aims to evaluate and examine a literary work or its features. The depiction of a literary analysis essay assumes the study of organization, imagery, perception, and choice of language in the text. The techniques are evaluated to comprehend the message the author intended to pass along.
Cultural literary analysis describes a new understanding of a text using philosophies, practices, and objects representative of a culture’s laws, values, and values. By considering the belief systems of the location and time period which the text is based on, a cultural analysis perceives the text in consideration of the culture it was referred from.
This type of literary analysis concentrates on feminist theories based on the unequal treatment of men and women by the society. Feminist critics evaluate texts from the perspective of gender stereotypes, patriarchal societies, and the reception and treatment of female and male writers.
A historical analysis evaluates text through historical lens. Historical critics form an understanding of where the text is written and when to enable them find new meaning in consideration if social events, its roots and the historical aspects of the time period that influenced the author’s writing.
This analyzes text based on the text itself. New criticism concentrates on internal contexts and ignores cultural, biographical, historical, and additional outside contexts. New critics study devices such as literary devices, theme, style, structure, setting, diction, content, plot, and language patterns.
A psychological analysis tries to understand a text by postulating and examining the intentions of the author, the response of the reader and the psychological state of the characters in the text.
This type of literary analysis essay shifts concentration away from the author and other external elements of the text and evaluates the reception of the text through the perspectives of the readers.
The following is a standard literary analysis essay outline you can use for your paper.
If you are wondering about how to begin the literary analysis, start with careful reading. At this point, identify the main themes of the text. Make a list of the themes and note the pages where you found them. Use this method even for references since an academic paper requires you to show the pages in the text for any paraphrases and quotations.
At this point, the text’s events are vital as they present the principal idea or the main theme. So, it is advisable to focus on narrative voice, structure, choice of language, and literary devices. These are the text elements that crate emotional and visual effects and communicate the meaning.
Modern professional literature and world classic are valuable because of their abundant literary devices, well-thought structure, and many-sided conflicts. A length research thesis cannot fit all of them. Choose an idea that touched you the most while reading the text. Create the intention of your analysis using just one sentence, which should be succinct and to the point. Your thesis tells your readers what the paper is about, and also hints at what you will not discuss.
A thesis statement clearly describes the scope of the topic and how the writer is going to approach it. It is an assertion about the text under literary analysis. You can have an explanatory, analytical, or argumentative thesis.
The thesis statement should have enough textual evidence. Earlier, you collected information; therefore, it will now be easier to find quotations and passages referring to the subject. You don’t have to use all the information you collected, but having sufficient material will help in structuring the arguments.
Complete the essay by avoiding direct quotations and without introducing new ideas. Summarize all you have talked above by paraphrasing. Then emphasize the thesis again, stressing the new direction the essay has taken.
Mostly, students make a summary of the plot rather that doing an appropriate analysis and explaining a claim or developing an argument. This is a mistake that many students make, which makes them fail in the task. When they make an assertion, students are enticed to use the plot as evidence, which is the wrong approach to take. Students fail to explain to readers what happens and why they made an argument or an assertion. Using the plot summary effectively takes practice and instruction, which students find to be challenging. The best approach is to credibly support their assertions in the literary analysis without referring to the summary.
When writing a literary analysis essay, it is vital to employ proper use of tenses. Students who are new in writing this type of assignment are tempted to write in the past tense as the work was most likely written in years past. It is also not easy to understand the reason for using the present tense. The use of the present tense happens as it relates to how one reads and comprehends the literary text, hence should be applied in the analysis.
Most students do not understand the significance of supporting arguments and assertions in literature-based essays; hence they leave it out when writing a literary analysis essay. Rather than just paraphrasing and quoting the material from the text and citing, you should support your claims through various sources, more so secondary sources relating to personal experiences and the text. Therefore, you should be capable of drawing strong connections between your assertions and evidence when writing a literary analysis essay.
Quoting material appropriately is quite difficult especially for someone new to literary analysis. It is essential to learn how to incorporate quotes properly in your literary essay and not just include them randomly. The student should also learn when to paraphrase and when to quote the material suitably.
Art is descriptive, not prescriptive. Essentially, this means that literature is powerful in the capability to hold up a mirror to the world and show us truths about it, however beautiful or brutal, rather than merely preaching to us. Worthy literature is illuminating, not didactic, thus allowing students to be witnesses to realities in and outside of their own. In turn, students are able to formulate complex responses to the realities resulting in building open-mindedness and empathy.
Creating a literary analysis essay needs the writer to explore textual themes as communicated through stylistic choices and literary devices in order to shape and develop a complex argument about the particular themes. The argumentation process relies on inductive and deductive reasoning to get to multifold conclusions fully sustained by logical evidence. By doing this, students examine the relationship between content and form, assess and consider various interpretations of text, and choose and scrutinize persuading evidence to sustain highly specific interpretations. Students are taught how to think, and not what to think. Taking part in literary analysis offers a set of skills that can be applied to innumerable contexts in their education and beyond.
Discussing literature in class entails verbally taking part in argumentation, interpretation, and inquiry. When practiced regularly, the students have an increased ability to coherently articulate stances and questions. Furthermore, essay writing exposes students to a multitude of valuable expectations and conventions of written communication, not considering the venue, such as precise pronoun reference, transitional phrases, and topic sentences.
As artists learn to create art, they also learn to critique and analyze it by truly interrogating a piece of art’s purpose and how the purpose is achieved through the form-content association. Literature is art. Analyzing literature helps demonstrate for students that for art to succeed, it may involve self-expression, but also whether to inspire, to invoke empathy, to inform or simply to entertain. Regularly participating in literary analysis reinforces the symbiotic relationship between academic curricula and the arts to give students an unparalleled educational experience.
The three-pronged function of literary analysis; to establish the author’s primary idea, to achieve personal value from the work, and to draw from it knowledge regarding the general human condition, serves a higher goal. Like any other logical perception of things, literary analysis provides the demystification of reality and of ideas. Instead of remaining bound by a set of dilemmas and irresolvable questions, you can obtain your answers through literary analysis through a deliberate, rational and targeted treatment of the text. Literary analysis is said to have fulfilled its essential role if the reader completes a text with greater confidence, erudition, and knowledge.
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